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2. Gebirgs-Division

(English: 2nd Mountain Division)


Insignia of the 2nd Mountain Division

Active Raised October 1938, Surrendered 1945
Country Nazi Germany
Branch Heer
Type Mountain Division

The German 2nd Mountain Division was raised in 1938 from the former Austrian 6th Mountain Division and German mountain troops. It fought as part of Army Group South during the Invasion of Poland (1939, attacking from the territory of Slovak State), then took part in the invasion of Norway in 1940, and attempted to relieve the beleaguered 3rd Mountain Division at Narvik. In 1941 it moved into Lapland to participate in Operation Silberfuchs, the attack on the Soviet Arctic as part of Operation Barbarossa. In late 1944 it withdrew to Norway and then transferred to Denmark. In 1945, it fought on the Western Front, where it was engaged in heavy combat near Trier.

The Allies destroyed much of the division near Württemberg towards the end of the war, with survivors surrendering to the Americans.

[edit] Commanding officersEdit

  • Generalleutnant Valentin Feurstein (1 April 1938 - 4 March 1941)
  • Generalleutnant Ernst Schlemmer (4 March 1941 - 2 March 1942)
  • Generalleutnant Georg Ritter von Hengl (2 March 1942 - 23 October 1943)
  • Generalleutnant Hans Degen (1 November 1943 - 6 February 1945)
  • Oberst Hans Roschmann, (6 February 1945 - 9 February 1945)
  • Generalleutnant Willibald Utz, (9 February 1945 - German capitulation)

[edit] ReferencesEdit

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