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Kurtës Ambush
Part of the Albanian Resistance of World War II
Date August 12, 1943
Location Kurtës, Albania
Result Ballist victory
Belligerents
Balli Kombëtar Nazi Germany
Commanders and leaders
Qemal Burimi

David Smiley

Unknown
Strength
200 250
Casualties and losses
None 30–35 killed

4 trucks 1 field gun

The Kurtës Ambush occurred on August 12, 1943, near the village of Kurtës in the Kolonjë District of Korçë County in southeastern Albania. It was carried out by Balli Kombëtar during the Albanian Resistance of World War II. Two hundred local Ballists, commanded by Qemal Burimi and David Smiley, ambushed a German convoy and a troop carrier, inflicting heavy losses on the German troops.[1]

BackgroundEdit

After the Italian occupation of Albania in 1939, several resistance groups gradually formed. One of the most important of these groups was Balli Kombëtar, a nationalist organization led by Mit'hat Frashëri and Ali Këlcyra.

In mid-1943 the Special Operations Executive (SOE), a British clandestine organisation, sent several agents to Albania to cooperate with Balli Kombëtar and the Albanian National Liberation Front. David Smiley, one of the SOE agents, contacted a unit of two hundred Balli Kombëtar soldiers under the command of Qemal Burimi. After assembling at the village of Kurtës they decided to carry out an ambush against German troops on the main road near Kurtës connecting Korçë to Ioannina.[1]

AmbushEdit

The Albanian troops were positioned along the road and Smiley laid sixteen mines in two groups of eight on either side of the road about 250 yards (230 m) apart.[1] Shortly afterwards a large German troop-carrier towing an 88 mm gun approached and was blown up on one of the two groups of mines. The German soldiers that were not killed by the explosion were shot by the Ballists while they were trying to escape by running back along the road. Eighteen German soldiers were killed, twelve of them while in the troop-carrier.[1] The captured gun was pushed into the river-bed below the road.[1]

About a half-hour later, a German convoy of twenty-three trucks approached the ambuscade from the direction of Leskovik. The first truck blew up on the second group of mines, while Smiley fired a 20 mm Breda gun on the following trucks, resulting in two of them bursting into flames.[1] The Ballists shot down five German soldiers who tried to escape. The Albanian troops suffered no casualties during the attack. The German troops were from the 1st Alpine Division.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Pearson, Owen (2006). Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism 1940-1945. I.B.Tauris. pp. 266. ISBN 1-84511-104-4. http://books.google.gr/books?id=P3knunC7z_oC&dq=Albania+in+Occupation+and+War:+From+Fascism+To+Communism+1940-1945&q=gjormi#v=onepage&q=kurtes&f=false.
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