Submarine L-4 Garibaldets
|Succeeded by:||Shchuka-class submarine|
|General characteristics|
1,051 tons surfaced 1,327 tons submerged Group 3+4: 1,123 tons surfaced 1,416 tons submerged
|Length:||Group 1+2: 81 m (265 ft 9 in)Group 3+4: 83.3 m (273 ft 4 in)|
|Beam:||Group 1+2: 6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)Group 3+4: 7 m (23 ft 0 in)|
|Draft:||All Groups: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)|
|Propulsion:||Diesel-electric, 2 shaftsGroup 1+2:
2,200 hp (1,600 kW) diesels 1,450 hp (1,080 kW) electric motors Group 3+4: 4,200 hp (3,100 kW) diesels 2,400 hp (1,800 kW) electric motors
14 knots (26 km/h) surfaced 9 knots (17 km/h) submerged Group 3+4: 18 knots (33 km/h) surfaced 10 knots (19 km/h) submerged
|Armament:||1 × 100 mm gun
1 × 45 mm gun 6 × 21-inch (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes 12 × torpedoes 20 × mines 2 stern mounted torpedo tubes added in Groups 3 and 4
The Leninets or L-class were the second class of submarines to be built for the Soviet Navy. They were minelaying submarines and were based on the British L-class submarine, HMS L55, which was sunk during the British intervention in the Russian Civil War. Some experience from the previous Dekabrist-class submarines was also utilised. Thse boats were of the saddle tank type and mines were carried in two stern galleries as pioneered on the pre-war Krab, the world's first minelaying submarine. These boats were considered successful by the Soviets and 25 were built in 4 groups between 1931 and 1941. Groups 3 and 4 had more powerful engines and higher speed.
- Group 1: 6 ships built (L1 to L6), all launched in 1931. 3 Baltic Fleet, 3 Black Sea Fleet, including Soviet submarine L-3.
|L1||Leninets (Ленинец)||Follower of Lenin||Baltic||28 February 1931||Sunk by German Artillery October 1941, salvaged, scrapped 1945|
|L2||Stalinets (Сталинец)||Follower of Stalin||Baltic||21 May 1931||Sunk by Mine 15 November 1941|
|L3||Frunzenets (Фрунзенец)||Follower of Frunze||Baltic||8 August 1931||Decommissioned 15 February 1971, conning tower preserved as a memorial|
|L4||Garibaldets (Гарибальдиец)||Follower of Garibaldi||Black Sea||31 August 1931||Decommissioned 17 February 1956|
|L5||Chartist (Чартист)||An adherent of Chartism||Black Sea||5 June 1932||Decommissioned 25 December 1955|
|L6||Carbonari (Карбонарий)||Carbonari||Black Sea||3 November 1932||Sunk 18 April 1944 by German sub-chaser UJ 104 near Constanza|
- Group 2 : 6 ships built (L7 to L 12), launched between 1935 and 1936. All built for the Pacific Fleet by plant 202 "Dalzavod" Vladivostok and plant 199 Komsomolsk-na-Amure.
|L7||Voroshilovets||Follower of Kliment Voroshilov||Pacific||15 May 1935||Decommissioned 1956|
|L8||Dzerzhinets||Follower of Dzerzhinski||Pacific||10 September 1935||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L9||Kirovets||Follower of Kirov||Pacific||25 August 1935||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L10||Menzhinets||Follower of Menzhinski||Pacific||18 December 1936||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L11||Sverdlovets||Follower of Sverdlov||Pacific||4 December 1936||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L12||Molotovets||Follower of Molotov||Pacific||7 November 1936||Decommissioned 1950s|
- Group 3 : 7 ships built (L13 to L19) launched 1937 to 1938. All for the Pacific Fleet. New project, hull based at Srednyaya class, 18 mines.
|L15||Transferred to the Northern Fleet via the Panama Canal in late 1942, decommissioned 1950s|
|L16||Torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 on 11 October 1942, near the coast of Oregon while being transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet|
|L19||Sunk in 1945|
- Group 4 : 6 ships built (L20 to L25) launched 1940 to 1941. 3 Baltic Fleet, 3 Black Sea Fleet. This group added stern torpedo tubes and new, more powerful diesel engines.
|L20||Baltic||14 April 1940||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L21||Baltic||17 July 1940||Decommissioned 1950s|
|L22||Baltic||23 September 1939||Transferred to Northern Fleet 1941, Decommissioned 1950s|
|L23||Black Sea||29 April 1940||Sunk 17 January 1944 by German sub-chaser UJ106|
|L24||Black Sea||17 December 1940||Sunk 24 December 1942 by mines off the Bulgarian coast, wreck located by divers in 1991|
|L25||Black Sea||26 February 1941||Unfinished. Sunk while being towed from Tuapse to Sevastopol in December 1944|