|Gross Born, Pomerania|
|Gross Born, Germany, (pre-war borders, 1937)|
|Coordinates||53°34′22.8″N 16°32′13.2″E / 53.573°N 16.537°E / 53.573; 16.537Coordinates: Click the blue globe to open an interactive map. 53°34′22.8″N 16°32′13.2″E / 53.573°N 16.537°E / 53.573; 16.53753°34′23″N 16°32′13″E / 53.573°N 16.537°E / 53.573; 16.537Coordinates: Click the blue globe to open an interactive map. 53°34′23″N 16°32′13″E / 53.573°N 16.537°E / 53.573; 16.537|
|Controlled by||Nazi Germany|
|Occupants||French and Polish officers|
Oflag II-D was a World War II German prisoner-of-war camp located at Gross Born, Pomerania (now Borne Sulinowo, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). In the late 1930s the German Army built a large base and training ground at which the XIX Army Corps of General Heinz Guderian was based.
The Polish POWs were transferred to other camps on 1 June 1940 and Oflag II-D was established to house French officers from the Battle of France. By February 1941 there were 3,166 officers and 565 orderlies in the camp.
In 1942 the French officers were transferred to other camps and replaced with Polish officers.
In 1942 a large camp Stalag 323? was built for Soviet prisoners, it was located at the other end of the training ground. Conditions in this camp were deplorable, as the rules of the Third Geneva Convention were not observed for Soviet prisoners.
In October 1944 most of the officers from the Warsaw Uprising were brought to this camp. The roster of 1 January 1945 showed that there were 5,014 officers and 377 orderlies in the camp.
In November 1944 the officers created a bank which printed banknotes.
Evacuation and repatriationEdit
When the offensive of the Soviet Red Army resumed in 1945, all inmates were marched westward on 28 January 1945. Only those too sick to walk were left behind. After an eight-week 500 kilometres (310 mi) march in bitterly cold weather they reached Stalag X-B and Marlag und Milag Nord in Sandbostel. The prisoners were liberated there by units of the British Army on 5 May 1945.
A memorial to the French and Polish officers who died in Oflag II-D was erected at the site of the camp in the late 1990s.
- ^ Sluszkiewicz, Tomasz (2011). "The Bank of the Camp IID Gross Born". atsnotes.com. http://www.atsnotes.com/articles/article-oflag-en.html. Retrieved 24 April 2012.