Order of the Chrysanthemum

大勲位菊花章 Dai-kun'i kikka-shō

Order of the Chrysanthemum of Victor Emmanuel III. Musée de la Légion d'Honneur
Awarded by the Emperor of Japan
Awarded for At the monarch's pleasure
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign HIM The Emperor
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Collar

Grand Cordon

Established 1876
Next (higher) None; highest.
Next (lower) Order of the Paulownia Flowers
Ribbon of the Order

The Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum (大勲位菊花章 Dai-kun'i kikka-shō?, literally Grand Order of the Badge of the Chrysanthemums) is Japan's highest order. The Grand Cordon of the Order was established in 1876 by Emperor Meiji of Japan; the collar of the Order was added on January 4, 1888. Although technically the order has only one class, it can either be awarded "with collar," meaning on a chain, or "with grand cordon," accompanied by a sash. Unlike its European counterparts, the order may be conferred posthumously.

The collar of the order is awarded only posthumously, except for the reigning emperor, who automatically holds the rank. Exceptions are made for foreign heads of state, who can be awarded the collar as a sign of friendship.

The grand cordon is the highest possible honor a Japanese citizen can be awarded during his lifetime. Aside from the imperial household, only three grand cordons have been awarded to living citizens and eleven to the deceased.

The badge of the order is a four-pointed gilt badge with white enameled rays; the center bears a red enameled sun disc. On each of the four corners of the badge there is a yellow-enameled chrysanthemum blossom with green enameled chrysanthemum leaves. The badge is suspended on a yellow-enameled chrysanthemum, either on the collar or on the grand cordon.

The star of the order is similar to the badge, but in silver, without the chrysanthemum suspension, and with an eight-pointed gilt medallion (with white enameled rays and red enameled sun disc) placed at the center. It is worn on the left chest.

The grand cordon of the order is red with dark blue border stripes. It is worn on the right shoulder.

Ribbon bars



Grand Cross


[hide] *1 Selected recipients

[edit] Selected recipientsEdit

This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.===[edit] Collar===

[edit] Grand Cordon (Imperial family)Edit

[edit] Grand CordonEdit

[edit] Collar (deceased)Edit

[edit] Grand Cordon (deceased)Edit

[edit] NotesEdit

  1. ^ Bortrick, William. "The Royal Family–HM Queen Elizabeth II," Burke's Peerage.
  2. ^ Promoted from Grand Cordon in 1987.
  3. ^ Promoted from Grand Cordon awarded in 1955.
  4. ^ Hamilton, Alan. "Palace small talk problem solved: royal guest is a goby fish fanatic," The Times (London). May 30, 2007.
  5. ^ Order awarded 5 Oct. 1971:Regiments: British, Empire, Commonwealth
  6. ^ Order awarded 5 Oct. 1971:Regiments: British, Empire, Commonwealth
  7. ^
  8. ^ Danish Crown Prince website
  9. ^]
  10. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Japan, 1996, Sovereign couples & Prince Philippe
  11. ^ Order awarded 26th May 1994, mentioned in his biography in the official publication of the Belgian Senate
  12. ^
  13. ^ President of the Republic of Lithuania - Biography
  14. ^ Polish presidential web page
  15. ^ Honor awarded 1930 -- "Japan to Decorate King Alfonso Today; Emperor's Brother Nears Madrid With Collar of the Chrysanthemum for Spanish King." New York Times, November 3, 1930.
  16. ^ Decoration probably conferred during 1969 State Visit to Japan -- no specific citation support.
  17. ^ See collar in formal portrait, File:Tōgō Heihachirō.jpg
  18. ^
  19. ^ Honor awarded 1954 -- Weisman, Stephen. "Reagan Given Top Award by Japanese," New York Times. October 24, 1989.
  20. ^ Honor awarded 1929 -- "Imperial Garter," Time Magazine, May 13, 1929.
  21. ^ "The Orphan of Asia," Time Magazine, July 20, 1959.
  22. ^ Honor awarded in 1938 -- "Flower to Mussolini," Time Magazine, September 5, 1938.
  23. ^ Honor awarded in 1024 -- "Japan Decorates Obregon; Order of the Chrysanthemum is Conferred by Special Ambassador," New York Times, November 28, 1924.
  24. ^ MOFA, speeches at Memorial Service
  25. ^ Honor awarded 1931 -- Mighty Monarch," Time Magazine, April 20, 1931.
  26. ^ Honor awarded 1989 -- Weisman, Stephen. "Reagan Given Top Award by Japanese," New York Times. October 24, 1989.
  27. ^ Vancouver Maritime Museum
  28. ^ Honor awarded 1882.
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ [2]
  31. ^ Honor awarded 1957 -- Sanjo City website: Morohashi Tetsuji Museum
  32. ^ Honor awarded in 1926 -- "Sea Noon," Time Magazine, November 8, 1926; "Profound Alarm," Time Magazine, July 6, 1931.
  33. ^ Honor awarded posthumously.
  34. ^ Chapter 21, "Between the lines of World II, Paul. M. Edwards, Mcfarland & Company, Jefferson, N.C., Chapter 21, 2010

[edit] See alsoEdit

[edit] ReferencesEdit


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