Kutrzeba was born in Kraków, then part of Austria-Hungary. In 1906 he graduated with distinction from the Military Technical Academy (Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna) in Mödling and was enlisted as Second Lieutenant in a minesweeping unit.
During the Invasion of Poland in 1939 he commanded the Poznań Army composed of four infantry divisions (14, 17, 25, 26) and two cavalry brigades (Wielkopolska and Podolska). He devised the Polish counterattack plan of the battle of Bzura and commanded the Poznan and Pomorze Armies during the battle. After the siege of Warsaw he was captured by the Germans and spent the rest of the war in several prisoner of war camps: Hohenstein, Koenigstein and Oflag VII-A Murnau.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Commander's Cross of the Virtuti Militari, previously awarded the Knight's Cross and the Silver Cross (1921)
- Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1930), previously awarded the Officer's Cross
- Cross of Valour - three times
- Gold Cross of Merit
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
- Commander's Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Commander's Cross of the Order of the Crown (Belgium)
- Cross of Liberty, Class II (Estonia)
- Order of the Cross of the Eagle, Class II (1932, Estonia)
- Order of Lāčplēsis Third Class (Latvia)
- Academic Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature